The Applications of Enzymes in Medicine :: Papers

 

applications of enzymes in medicine

Applications of Enzymes. Glucose isomerase is an important enzyme used commercially in conversion of glucose to fructose via isomerization. Fructose is used in the preparation of fructose syrup. The reaction mixture at the end contains 42% fructose, 52% glucose and 6% dextrins. The mixture is sweeter than glucose and as sweet as sucrose. Enzymes are used in a wide range of industries, including the food industry, textiles, argricultrial forestry, medical and the brewing tanielgles.gaEnzymes are very important in the baking process. The main function of enzymes in baking is to convert starch into fermentable sugars. Apr 05,  · Applications of enzymes in medicine To treat enzyme related disorders. To assist in metabolism. To assist in drug delivery. To diagnose & detect diseases. Also during the manufacture of tanielgles.ga: tanielgles.ga


12 Uses of Enzymes | Their Applications In Medicine Food & Industries


There is no cell or tissue in the body which is devoid of an enzyme, applications of enzymes in medicine. The enzyme reaction can be within the cell cytoplasm, nucleus or even outside the cell. They require a specific set of conditions for efficient function. These conditions include optimal temperature, pH, the concentration of substrateetc. But due to advanced knowledge and technology, these enzymes are isolated for human use by various methods.

They are so stable due to a process namely enzyme immobilization technique. But due to growth is population and huge demand, they are also manufactured by the principle of recombinant DNA technology. Due to many possible applications, the enzymes meant for one purpose by nature are exploited for additional uses.

Papaya is one of the prominent fruits which has enzyme papain. Enzymes are used in three cases here. In some disorders like low blood pressure, or head or spinal injuries, there are chances of formation of blood clots.

These clots lead to obstruction of blood flow to the target organ. This can be life-threatening if it is in the brain or heart which require a constant supply of oxygen and energy.

The only way out then is to dissolve the clots. Similarly when there is atherosclerosis, hardening and thickening of blood vessel walls. This can lead to heart problems if untreated.

The best way out at this junction is to decrease the fat intake and also dissolve the formed thickenings. Enzymes like serratiopeptidase and other work well. For wound healing, the swelling formed might be painful and tend to form pus. Enzymes trypsin, chymotrypsin, serratiopeptidase are used to dissolve the swelling. Hence their digestive system cannot digest food materials efficiently. For this, some applications of enzymes in medicine are used along with applications of enzymes in medicine in intra-muscular injection forms to help proper penetration of tissues.

One of such enzymes is Hyaluronidase. Measuring the levels of the corresponding enzyme for their presence in high or low levels in blood indicates the specific disorder. Also, steroidal drugs are manufactured by enzyme action on plant steroids. Enzymes used in toothpaste: Enzymes of papaya and pineapple are used in toothpaste. They are found to remove the stain on teeth to give white and sparkling teeth.

The chief enzymes in food processing include. They are used to mainly breakdown starch and cellulose into simple sugars like glucose. Lactase is enzymes used to break lactose sugars from foods as lactose can be intolerant to some people. Pectinase breaks pectin making juice less viscous. This can be used in the baking industry. The leather is obtained from the skin of animals. The leather after being removed becomes hard due to denaturation of proteins and also the fats present in it.

To obtain smooth and soft leather one need to remove the hair on the skin and also these proteins and fats in between the leather. This can be done by using enzymes like proteases and lipases. Cloth or textile are made of mostly cotton, wool or synthetic polymers. Natural cotton fabric is not as smooth and glossy. Further, the fabric size or thread thickness is controlled by treating with these amylase enzymes. Clothes get soiled by stains of protein, oil or other substances, applications of enzymes in medicine.

To remove these hard stains besides lather forming soap, applications of enzymes in medicine, some enzymes are incorporated in detergents. Protease enzymes are used to remove stains of protein nature like blood, sweat, etc. Amylase is an enzyme which can break carbohydrate stains like that of chocolate, curries, etc.

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They facilitate many biochemical reactions in the body. So we can see many enzymes in the list of medicines prescribed by doctors today. But how come applications of enzymes in medicine are stable outside the body? The current uses of enzymes include health care, industries of food, cloth, leather, etc.

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Applications of Enzymes - Enzyme Technology

 

applications of enzymes in medicine

 

Medical applications of enzymes. The cost of the enzyme is about mg -1, with the cost of treatment in a case of lung embolism being about for the enzyme alone. In spite of this, the market for the enzyme is worth about 70M year Enzymes are used in a wide range of industries, including the food industry, textiles, argricultrial forestry, medical and the brewing tanielgles.gaEnzymes are very important in the baking process. The main function of enzymes in baking is to convert starch into fermentable sugars. Apr 05,  · Applications of enzymes in medicine To treat enzyme related disorders. To assist in metabolism. To assist in drug delivery. To diagnose & detect diseases. Also during the manufacture of tanielgles.ga: tanielgles.ga